Scotland offers beautiful castles, breathtaking landscapes and of course the allure of its mysterious lochs that may hold the key to the Lochness Monster.
It’s glorious landscapes and rich culture makes it very attractive to visitors worldwide.
Scotland is full of friendly, innovative and passionate people and will provide you with truly unique experiences. It’s famous for Scotch whiskey and distilleries, tartan and of course the beloved bagpipes. Music festivals, breathtaking landscapes and outdoor adventures are just a few of the many amazing things Scotland provides its visitors. If you are interested in activities, culture, literature or hiking then Scotland is the place for you!
The amazing thing about Scotland is there something for all the family to do. For parents with young children there are plenty of amusement parks to choose from as well as Edinburgh zoo, St. Andrews Aquarium. If you’re seeking culture and heritage you might want to visit Edinburgh Castle, the National Museum of Scotland and The Highland Games are a must see. If you want to feel close to nature the Scottish Seabird Centreand Highland Wildlife Park are a must do. If you are the adventurous type you have come to the right place. Scotland offers everything from walking mountains, forest paths and coastal walks to the more challenging Scottish Munros (a list of Scottish Mountains over 3,000 feet). There are 282 peaks to choose from and over 6,000 people have conquered all peaks to date. Scotland is home to other adventurous activities such as bungee jumping, paragliding, motor racing, mountain biking, snowboarding, canoeing and much much more. There is something for everyone!
★ Scotland’s national animal is a unicorn.
★ Scotland is home to the world’s tallest hedge
★ Golf has been played in Scotland since the 15th century with St. Andrews considered the home of Golf
★ The shortest commercial flight in the world is in Scotland
★ Scotland has approximately 790 islands.
★ There are as many people with Scottish heritage living in the USA as there are in Scotland.
★ Edinburugh was the first city in the world to have its own Fire Brigade
The Picts lived in round huts of wood or stone with thatched roofs. Some lived in crannogs, which were huts erected on artificial platforms in lochs or estuaries. Pictish farmers raised cattle, pigs and sheep. They also fished, hunted deer and seals. They grew crops of wheat, barley, and rye. They also gathered wild fruits such as crab-apples, sloes, raspberries and blackberries.The romans invaded Scotland in 80 AD led by Agricola. In 84 the Romans severely defeated the Picts at a place called Mons Graupius (its exact location is unknown). However, in the years after the battle, the Romans slowly withdrew and in 123 Emperor Hadrian began building a wall to keep out the Picts.
In the 6th century a people from Ireland called the Scots invaded what is now Scotland and founded the kingdom of Dalriada. In the 6th Century Scotland faced the threat of the Vikings. In the early 9th century Vikings settled on the Shetland and Orkney Islands. Later in the 9th century, they settled in the Hebrides and in Caithness and Sutherland as well as on the western coast of Scotland. During the reign of David I many Normans came to live in Scotland. David I was the first Scottish king to found mints and issue his own coins. However Scottish kings had little power. In the 19th century the history of Scotland merged into the history of Britain. Many Highlanders were forced to emigrate. Meanwhile further south Scotland’s industries boomed. Coal and iron industries flourished. So did shipbuilding. Scottish cities continued to grow rapidly. However, housing conditions in the new industrial towns were often appalling. Disease and overcrowding were common.
In the late 19th century conditions improved and living standards rose. Furthermore, at the end of the 19th century, Scottish workers began to form powerful trade unions. Meanwhile in the mid-19th century railways were built across Scotland. In 1842 a railway was built from Glasgow to Edinburgh. Scotland suffered very high unemployment during the 1920s and 1930s. Traditional industries such as shipbuilding, mining, iron, and steel were badly affected by depression. The Second World War brought a return to full employment and the 1950s and 1960s were years of prosperity. However, recession returned in the early 1980s and early 1990s. Nevertheless new hi-tech and service industries grew up in Scotland in the late 20th century to replace the old manufacturing ones and in 1990 Glasgow was made the Cultural Capital of Europe. Then in 2011 the Scottish Nationalist Party won a majority in the Scottish Parliament. However, in a referendum in 2014, a majority of Scots voted against independence. Today the population of Scotland is 5.3 million.
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